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English[]

Most common English words: human « kept « business « #383: mean » manner » following » fell

Pronunciation[]

Etymology 1[]

From Old English mænan (to mean, to allude to). Confer Dutch menen, German meinen. Cognate with mind and German Minne (love).

Verb[]

Infinitive
to Mean

Third person singular
means

Simple past
meant

Past participle
-

Present participle
meaning

to Mean (third-person singular simple present means, present participle meaning, simple past and past participle meant)

  1. (transitive) To convey, signify, or indicate.
    What does this hieroglyph mean?
    The sky is red this morning—does that mean we're in for a storm?
  2. (transitive) To want or intend to convey.
    I'm afraid I don't understand what you mean.
    Say what you mean and mean what you say.
  3. (transitive) To intend; to plan on doing.
    I didn't mean to knock your tooth out.
    I mean to go to Baddeck this summer.
    I meant to take the car in for a smog check, but it slipped my mind.
  4. (transitive) To have conviction in what one says.
    Does she really mean what she said to him last night?
    Say what you mean and mean what you say.
  5. (transitive) To have intentions of a some kind.
    Don't be angry; she meant well.
    Someone's coming up. He means business.
  6. (transitive) To result in; to bring about.
    One faltering step means certain death.
Usage notes[]
  • In sense 3, this is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive. See Appendix:English catenative verbs
  • In sense 6, it takes the gerund (-ing).
Synonyms[]
  • (convey, signify, indicate): convey, indicate, signify
  • (want or intend to convey): imply, mean to say
  • (intend; plan on doing): intend
  • (have conviction in what one says): be serious
  • (have intentions of a some kind):
  • (result in; bring about): bring about, cause, lead to, result in
Translations[]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[]

Singular
Mean

Plural
{{{1}}}

Mean ({{{1}}})

  1. (obsolete, in singular) An intermediate step or intermediate steps.
Quotations[]

For examples of the usage of this term see the citations page.

Etymology 2[]

Middle English mene, imene "common" from Old English ġemǣne "common". Confer Dutch gemeen, German gemein, Gothic gamains. Cognate with Latin communis.

Adjective[]

Mean (comparative er, superlative {{{2}}})

Positive
Mean

Comparative
er

Superlative
{{{2}}}

  1. Causing or intending to cause intentional harm; bearing ill will towards another; cruel; malicious.
    Watch out for her, she's mean. I said good morning to her, and she punched me in the nose.
  2. Miserly; stingy.
    He's so mean. I've never seen him spend so much as five pounds on presents for his children.
  3. Selfish; acting without consideration of others; unkind.
    It was mean to steal the girl's piggy bank, but he just had to get uptown and he had no cash of his own.
  4. Powerful; fierce; harsh; damaging.
    It must have been a mean typhoon that levelled this town.
  5. Accomplished with great skill; deft; hard to compete with.
    Your mother can roll a mean cigarette.
    He hits a mean backhand.
  6. Low in quality; inferior.
Synonyms[]
  • (causing or intending to cause intentional harm): cruel, malicious, nasty, spiteful
  • (miserly; stingy): See also Wikisaurus:stingy
  • (acting without consideration of others): selfish, unkind
  • (powerful): damaging, fierce, harsh, strong
  • (accomplished with great skill; deft; hard to compete with): deft, skilful (UK), skillful (US), top-notch
  • (inferior): cheap, grotty (slang), inferior, low-quality, naff (UK slang), rough and ready, shoddy, tacky (informal)
Derived terms[]
Translations[]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 3[]

From Middle English meene, from Old French meien (French moyen), Late Latin medianus (that is in the middle, middle), from medius (middle). Cognate with mid.

Adjective[]

Mean (not comparable)

Positive
Mean

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. Having the mean (see noun below) as its value.
Derived terms[]
Related terms[]
Translations[]

Noun[]

Wikipedia

Singular
Mean

Plural
{{{1}}}

Mean ({{{1}}})

  1. Template:Statistics The average, the arithmetic mean.
  2. Loosely, an intermediate value or range of values; a mid-value; a vague average.
    • 1997, John Llewelyn Davies, David J. Vaughan, Republic, translation of original by Plato, page 263:
      Then will not this constitution be a kind of mean between aristocracy and oligarchy?
    • 1996, Harris Rackham, The Nicomachean Ethics, translation of original by Aristotle, page 118:
      as a mean, it implies certain extremes between which it lies, namely the more and the less
    • 1875, William Smith and Samuel Cheetham, editors, A Dictionary of Christian Antiquities, Little, Brown and Company, volume 1, page 10, s.v. Accentus Ecclesiasticus,
      It presents a sort of mean between speech and song, continually inclining towards the latter, never altogether leaving its hold on the former; it is speech, though always attuned speech, in passages of average interest and importance; it is song, though always distinct and articulate song, in passages demanding more fervid utterance.
  3. (mathematics) Any function of multiple variables that satisfies certain properties and yields a number representative of its arguments; or, the number so yielded; a measure of central tendency.
    • 1997, Angus Deaton, The Analysis of Household Surveys: A Microeconometric Approach to Development Policy,[1] World Bank Publications, ISBN 9780801852541, page 51:
      Note that (1.41) is simply the probability-weighted mean without any explicit allowance for the stratification; each observation is weighted by its inflation factor and the total divided by the total of the inflation factors for the survey.
    • 2002, Clifford A. Pickover, The Mathematics of Oz: Mental Gymnastics from Beyond the Edge,[2] Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521016780, page 246:
      Luckily, even though the arithmetic mean is unusable, both the harmonic and geometric means settle to precise values as the amount of data increases.
    • 2003, P. S. Bullen, Handbook of Means and Their Inequalities,[3] Springer, ISBN 978-1-4020-1522-9, page 251:
      The generalized power means include power means, certain Gini means, in particular the counter-harmonic means.
  4. (mathematics) Either of the two numbers in the middle of a conventionally presented proportion, as 2 and 3 in 1:2=3:6.
    • 1825, John Farrar, translator, An Elementary Treatise on Arithmetic by Silvestre François Lacroix, third edition, page 102,
      ...if four numbers be in proportion, the product of the first and last, or of the two extremes, is equal to the product of the second and third, or of the two means.
    • 1999, Dawn B. Sova, How to Solve Word Problems in Geometry, McGraw-Hill, ISBN 007134652X, page 85,
      Using the means-extremes property of proportions, you know that the product of the extremes equals the product of the means. The ratio t/4 = 5/2 can be rewritten as t:4 = 5:2, in which the extremes are t and 2, and the means are 4 and 5.
    • 2007, Carolyn C. Wheater, Homework Helpers: Geometry, Career Press, ISBN 1564147215, page 99,
      In , the product of the means is , and the product of the extremes is . Both products are 54.
Hypernyms[]
  • (statistics): measure of central tendency, measure of location, sample statistic
Coordinate terms[]
See also[]
  • (statistics): spread, range
Derived terms[]
Translations[]

Anagrams[]

  • aemn,
  • amen
  • mane
  • MENA
  • name, NAmE
  • nema, NEMA
  • NMEA

Manx[]

Etymology[]

From Template:Sga[[Category:gv:Template:Sga derivations|Mean]] [[medón#Template:Sga|medón]] (middle, centre) < Latin mediānus.

Noun[]

Mean m. [[Category:Template:Gv nouns|Mean]]

  1. centre, middle
    • [[daag#Template:Gv|Daag]] eh ee ny [[shassoo#Template:Gv|shassoo]] [[ayns#Template:Gv|ayns]] mean ny [[shamyr#Template:Gv|shamyr]].
      • He left her standing in the middle of the room.
    • [[share#Template:Gv|Share]] çhyndaa [[cabbil#Template:Gv|cabbil]] ayns mean ny h-[[aah#Template:Gv|aah]] na goll er vaih.
      • Better to change horses in mid ford than to drown.
  2. interior
    • [[tar#Template:Gv|Tar]] [[stiagh#Template:Gv|stiagh]] ayns mean y killagh.
      • Come into the body of the church.
  3. average
    • Trogmayd mean.
      • We will strike an average.

Derived terms[]

  • [[meanagh#Template:Gv|meanagh]]
  • [[mean scoill#Template:Gv|mean scoill]]

Spanish[]

Verb[]

Mean (infinitive mear)

  1. Second-person plural (ustedes) present indicative form of mear.
  2. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present indicative form of mear.

cs:mean et:mean el:mean es:mean fa:mean fr:mean fy:mean gl:mean ko:mean io:mean it:mean kn:mean kk:mean ku:mean lo:mean hu:mean ml:mean nl:mean ja:mean no:mean oc:mean pl:mean pt:mean ro:mean ru:mean simple:mean fi:mean sv:mean ta:mean te:mean th:mean tr:mean uk:mean vi:mean zh:mean

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