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Wikipedia

English[]

Etymology[]

From Middle English < Old English, itself from Latin martyr < Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (martyr), later form of μάρτυς (martys) "witness".

Pronunciation[]

  • enPR: märʹ-tər, IPA: /ˈmɑrtər/, SAMPA: /"mArt@r/
    • (AU) IPA: [ˈmaː.tə(ɹ)], [ˈmaː.ɾə(ɹ)]
    • (UK) IPA: [ˈmɑː.tə(ɹ)]
    • (US) IPA: [ˈmɑɹ.tɚ], [ˈmɑɹ.ɾɚ]
      noicon
      (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(r)tə(r)

Noun[]

Singular
Martyr

Plural
{{{1}}}

Martyr ({{{1}}})

  1. One who willingly accepts being put to death for adhering openly to one's religious beliefs; notably, saints canonized after martyrdom.
    Saint Stephen was the first Christian martyr.
  2. (by extension) One who sacrifices his or her life, station, or what is of great value to him or her, for the sake of principle or to sustain a cause.
  3. (with a prepositional phrase of cause) One who suffers greatly and/or constantly, even involuntarily.
    Stan is a martyr to arthritis, Chris a martyr to Stan's endless moaning about it.

Synonyms[]

  • shaheed, shahid

Antonyms[]

  • confessor

Derived terms[]

Template:Der-top

  • martyr complex
  • martyrdom
  • martyress
  • martyrial
  • martyrish
  • martyrizate

Template:Der-mid

  • martyrize
  • martyrizer
  • martyrly
  • martyrolatry
  • martyrless
  • martyrship

Template:Der-bottom

Related terms[]

  • martyrion
  • martyrium
  • martyrologe
  • martyrologue
  • martyrology
  • martyry
  • protomartyr

Translations[]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[]

Infinitive
to Martyr

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to Martyr (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)

  1. (transitive) To make someone into a martyr by putting him or her to death for adhering to, or acting in accordance with, some belief, especially religious; to sacrifice on account of faith or profession.
  2. (transitive) To persecute.
    Some religious and other minorities were martyred until extinction.
  3. (transitive) To torment; to torture.
    The lovely Amoret, whose gentle heart
    Thou martyrest with sorrow and with smart. — Spenser

Synonyms[]

Derived terms[]

  • martyrer

Translations[]


Norwegian[]

Etymology[]

From Latin martyr < Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (martyr), later form of μάρτυς (martys) "witness".

Noun[]

Martyr

  1. A martyr.

Related terms[]

  • martre
  • martyrdød
  • martyrium

Inflection[]

de:martyr fa:martyr fr:martyr ko:martyr io:martyr id:martyr it:martyr la:martyr li:martyr hu:martyr ml:martyr nl:martyr no:martyr pl:martyr ru:martyr fi:martyr sv:martyr tl:martyr ta:martyr te:martyr vi:martyr zh:martyr

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