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English[]

Etymology[]

Probably from Middle English (?). Akin to Old Dutch [[gumpen#Template:Odt|gumpen]] (to jump), Low German [[gumpen#basso sassone|gumpen]] (to jump), Danish gumpe (to jolt), gimpe (to move up and down), Swedish [[gumpa#Template:Sk|gumpa]]

Pronunciation[]

Verb[]

Infinitive
to Jump

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to Jump (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)

  1. (intransitive) To propel oneself rapidly upward such that momentum causes the body to become airborne.
    The boy jumped over a fence.
  2. (intransitive) To cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall downward.
  3. (intransitive) To employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
  4. (intransitive) To react to a sudden, often unexpected, stimulus (such as a sharp prick or a loud sound) by jerking the body violently.
  5. (intransitive) To employ a move in certain board games where one game piece is moved from one legal position to another passing over the position of another piece.
    The player's knight jumped the opponent's bishop.
  6. (transitive) To move to a position in (a queue/line) that is further forward.
  7. (transitive) To attack suddenly and violently.
    The hoodlum jumped a woman in the alley.
  8. (transitive) To force to jump.
    The rider jumped the horse over the fence.

Synonyms[]

  • (propel oneself upwards): leap
  • (cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall): jump down, jump off
  • (employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location): skydive
  • (react to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body violently): flinch, jerk, jump out of one's skin, leap out of one's skin, twitch

Related terms[]

Derived terms[]

See also jumped, jumper and jumping

Translations[]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[]

Singular
Jump

Plural
{{{1}}}

Jump ({{{1}}})

  1. An instance of propelling oneself into the air.
  2. An instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location.
  3. An instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
  4. An instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body.
  5. A jumping move in a board game.
  6. (sports, horses) An obstacle that forms part of a showjumping course, and that the horse has to jump over cleanly.
  7. (idiomatic, with on) An early start or an advantage.
    He got a jump on the day because he had laid out everything the night before.
    Their research department gave them the jump on the competition.
  8. (mathematics) A discontinuity in the graph of a function, where the function is continuous in a punctured interval of the discontinuity.

Synonyms[]

  • (instance of propelling oneself into the air): leap
  • (instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location):
  • (instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location)::
  • (instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body):: flinch, jerk, twitch

Derived terms[]

Translations[]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Adverb[]

Jump (not comparable)

Positive
Jump

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. (obsolete) exactly; precisely
    "Thus twice before, and jump at this dead hour,
    With martial stalk hath he gone by our watch." - Marcellus, in "Hamlet" by William Shakespeare, act 1 scene 1, l 64-65

ar:jump de:jump et:jump el:jump es:jump fr:jump ko:jump io:jump id:jump it:jump kn:jump kk:jump lo:jump lt:jump hu:jump ml:jump nl:jump ja:jump no:jump oc:jump pl:jump pt:jump simple:jump fi:jump sv:jump ta:jump te:jump th:jump uk:jump vi:jump zh:jump

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