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See also -if, and IF


Most common English words: no « them « when « #51: if » there » more » out


Middle English yif, yef from Old English ġif.




  1. Supposing that, assuming that, in the circumstances that; used to introduce a condition or choice.
    If it rains, I will get wet.
  2. Supposing that; used with past subjunctive indicating that the condition is not fulfilled.
    I'd prefer it if you took your shoes off.
  3. Although; used to introduce a concession.
    He was a great friend, if a little stingy at the bar.
  4. (computing) In the event that a statement is true (a programming statement that acts in a similar manner).
    If A, then B, else C.
  5. Template:Proscribed Whether; used to introducing a noun clause as the object of certain verbs.
    I don't know if I want to go or not.

Usage notes[]

  • Specifically a subordinating conjunction.

Derived terms[]

  • iff
  • if and only if
  • if clause
  • if only
  • as if
  • even if

Alternative forms[]

  • ifen
  • iffen





If ({{{1}}})

  1. An if clause representing a condition; a protasis introduced by if.
    • 1709, Susannah Centlivre, The Busy Body, Act III, in John Bell (ed.), British Theater, J. Bell (1791), page 59,
      Sir Fran. Nay, but Chargy, if——— ¶ Miran. Nay, Gardy, no Ifs.——Have I refus'd three northern lords, two British peers, and half a score knights, to have put in your Ifs?
    • 1791 January, "Richardſon’s Chemical Principles of the Metallic Arts", in The Monthly Review, R. Griffiths, page 176,
      Well might Bergman add, (in his Scicgraphia,), “if the compariſon that has been made, &c. be juſt.” The preſent writer makes no ifs about the matter, and has ſuperadded a little inaccuracy of his own, […]

Derived terms[]

  • big if
  • no ifs, ands, or buts


See also[]




From Old French iv, ivo (yew, yew tree) and Medieval Latin ivus, both of Template:Gem[[Category:fr:Template:Gem derivations|If]] origin, such as Template:Frk[[Category:fr:Template:Frk derivations|If]] *īwa, [[iwo#Template:Frk|īwo]] (compare Old High German īwa, Old English īw) from Proto-Germanic *iwa-, iwo- (yew) from Proto-Indo-European *ei-wo-. Akin to Old Norse ȳr (yew), Irish eo, Template:Cy [[ywen#Template:Cy|ywen]], Template:Rus [[ива#Template:Ru|ива]] (íva), willow). More at yew, Yves, Yvonne.



If m. (plural Ifs)

  1. yew

ar:if zh-min-nan:if da:if de:if et:if el:if es:if fr:if gd:if gl:if ko:if hr:if io:if it:if kk:if ku:if la:if li:if hu:if ml:if my:if nl:if ja:if no:if pa:if pl:if pt:if ro:if ru:if simple:if fi:if sv:if ta:if te:if th:if tr:if vi:if vo:if zh:if