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See also Harrow



File:Kverneland harrow.jpg



Etymology 1[]

Either representing unattested Old English *hearwe or *hearġe (perhaps ultimately cognate with harvest), or from Old Norse harfr/herfi[1]; compare Danish harve (harrow), Dutch hark (rake). Akin to Latin carpere.




Harrow ({{{1}}})

  1. A device consisting of a heavy framework having several disks or teeth in a row, which is dragged across ploughed land to smooth or break up the soil, to remove weeds or cover seeds; a harrow plow.
    • 1918, Louise & Aylmer Maude, trans. Leo Tolstoy, Anna Karenina, Oxford 1998, p. 153:
      He sent for the carpenter, who was under contract to be with the threshing-machine, but it turned out that he was mending the harrows, which should have been mended the week before Lent.
    • 1969, Bessie Head, When Rain Clouds Gather, Heinemann 1995, p. 28:
      Part of your job would be to learn tractor ploughing and the use of planters, harrows, and cultivators.


to Harrow

Third person singular

Simple past

Past participle

Present participle

to Harrow (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)

  1. To drag a harrow over; to break up with a harrow.
    • 1719- Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe
      When the corn was sown, I had no harrow, but was forced to go over it myself, and drag a great heavy bough of a tree over it, to scratch it, as it may be called, rather than rake or harrow it.
  2. To traumatize or disturb; to frighten or torment.
    The headless horseman harrowed Ichabod Crane as he tried to reach the bridge.
Derived terms[]

Etymology 2[]

From Old French haro, harou, of uncertain origin.



  1. (obsolete) A call for help, or of distress, alarm etc.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene,
      Harrow, the flames, which me consume (said hee) / Ne can be quencht, within my secret bowels bee.


  1. According to ODS eng. harrow maaske laant fra nordisk, Eng. harrow probably loaned from Norse

et:harrow fa:harrow fr:harrow ko:harrow io:harrow it:harrow kn:harrow lt:harrow ml:harrow pl:harrow ru:harrow fi:harrow ta:harrow te:harrow vi:harrow zh:harrow