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File:Hand parts.jpg

A human hand.

See also Hand


Most common English words: though « get « eyes « #151: hand » young » place » give



Old English hand, from Proto-Germanic *xanđuz (cf. Frisian/Dutch/German hand), from *xenþanan (cf. Old Swedish hinna 'to gain', Gothic fra-hinþan 'to take captive, capture'); origin unknown, although some theorize Proto-Indo-European *ḱent- (to grasp).





Hand ({{{1}}})

  1. That part of the fore limb below the forearm or wrist in a human, and the corresponding part in many other animals; manus; paw. See manus.
  2. That which resembles, or to some extent performs the office of, a human hand; as,
    (a) A limb of certain animals, as the foot of a hawk, or any one of the four extremities of a monkey.
    (b) An index or pointer on a dial; such as the hour or minute hand of a clock
  3. In long measure, two different lengths:
    • (obsolete) Three inches, not to be confused with; and,
    • Four inches, a hand’s breadth, used in measuring the height of horses.
  4. A side; part, camp; direction, either right or left.
    • On this hand and that hand, were hangings. — Exodus 38:15
    • The Protestants were then on the winning handJohn Milton
  5. Power of performance; means of execution; ability; skill; dexterity.
    • He had a great mind to try his hand at a Spectator. — Joseph Addison
  6. (archaic) Actual performance; deed; act; workmanship; agency; hence, manner of performance.
    • To change the hand in carrying on the war. — Edward Hyde Clarendon
    • Gideon said unto God, If thou wilt save Israel by my hand. — Judges 6:36
  7. An agent; a servant, or manual laborer, especially in compounds; a workman, trained or competent for special service or duty; a performer more or less skillful; as,
    an old hand at speaking.
    • A dictionary containing a natural history requires too many hands, as well as too much time, ever to be hoped for. — John Locke
    • I was always reckoned a lively hand at a simile. — William Hazlitt
  8. An instance of helping.
    Bob gave Alice a hand to move the furniture.
  9. Handwriting; style of penmanship; as,
    A good, bad or running hand. Hence, a signature.
    • I say she never did invent this letter; This is a man’s invention and his hand — Shakespeare, As You Like It, IV-iii
    • Some writs require a judge’s handBurril
    • 1883, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island
      I found written on the other side, in a very good, clear hand, this short message...
  10. Personal possession; ownership; hence, control; direction; management; — usually in the plural.
    • Receiving in hand one year’s tribute. — Knolles
    • John Milton, Albinus
      ...found means to keep in his hands the government of Britain.
  11. That which is, or may be, held in a hand at once; as
    (a) Template:Gaming: The set of cards held by a player.
    (b) (Tobacco Manufacturing): A bundle of tobacco leaves tied together.
  12. Applause.
    Give him a hand.
  13. Agency in transmission from one person to another; as,
    to buy at first hand, that is, from the producer, or when new; at second hand, that is, when no longer in the producer’s hand, or when not new.
  14. The feel of a fabric; the impression or quality of the fabric as judged qualitatively by the sense of touch.
    This fabric has a smooth, soft hand.'
  15. (obsolete) Rate; price.
    • Business is bought at a dear hand, where there is small dispatch. — Francis Bacon
  16. Each of the pointers on the face of an analog clock, which are used to indicate the time of day.
  17. (firearms) The small part of a gunstock near the lock, which is grasped by the hand in taking aim.
  18. The collective noun for a bunch of bananas.

Usage notes[]

Hand is used figuratively for a large variety of acts or things, in the doing, or making, or use of which the hand is in some way employed or concerned; also, as a symbol to denote various qualities or conditions, as,

(a) Activity; operation; work; — in distinction from the head, which implies thought, and the heart, which implies affection.
His hand will be against every man. — Genesis 16:12
(b) Power; might; supremacy; — often in the Scriptures.
With a mighty hand . . . will I rule over you. — Ezekiel 20:33.
(c) Fraternal feeling; as, to give, or take, the hand; to give the right hand
(d) Contract; — commonly of marriage; as, to ask the hand; to pledge the hand.


  • 1611King James Version of the Bible, Luke 1:1
    Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us...


  • (part of the fore limb below the forearm): index finger, middle finger, palm, pinky, ring finger, thumb

Derived terms[]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[]

Appendix: Collective nouns


to Hand

Third person singular

Simple past

Past participle

Present participle

to Hand (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)

  1. (transitive) To give, pass, or transmit with the hand; as
    he handed them the letter.
  2. (transitive) To lead, guide, or assist with the hand; to conduct
    to hand a lady into a carriage.
  3. (transitive) (obsolete) To manage; as, I hand my oar. — Matthew Prior
  4. (transitive) (obsolete) To seize; to lay hands on. — Shakespeare
  5. (transitive) (rare) To pledge by the hand; to handfast.
  6. (transitive) Template:Nautical To furl; — said of a sail. — Totten
  7. (intransitive) (obsolete) To cooperate. — Massinger

Derived terms[]

  • hand down
  • hand in
  • hand off
  • hand out
  • hand over


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.



  • adhn,
  • NADH




Hand f. (plural handen, diminutive handje, diminutive plural handjes)

  1. (anatomy) hand of a human or other simian

Derived terms[]

  • achterhand
  • afhandelen
  • afhandig
  • behandelen
  • handarbeider
  • handdruk
  • handelbaar
  • handelen
  • handenvol
  • handenvrij
  • handgemaakt
  • handig, handigheid
  • handlezen
  • handmatig
  • handpalm
  • handschrift n.
  • handtekening
  • handvol
  • handtastelijk
  • handwoordenboek
  • handzaam
  • hardhandig
  • onderhands
  • onhandelbaar
  • onhandig
  • onderhands
  • overhand
  • overhandigen
  • rechterhand, linkerhand
  • rechtshandig, linkshandig




Hand m (usually uncountable)

  1. (informal) handball
    On va jouer au hand, tu veux venir?
    We're going to play handball, you want to come?


  • handball

Old English[]


Proto-Germanic *handuz


hand f.

  1. hand




Inflection for Hand Singular Plural
common Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Base form Hand Handen händer händerna
Possessive form Hands Handens händers händernas
  1. (anatomy) hand; the body part
    Han tjatade jämt om att hon måste tvätta händerna.
    He was always nagging on her to wash her hands.
  2. Template:Card games hand; the set of cards held by a player
    Hon fick en bra hand, och satsade högt.
    She was dealt a good set of cards, and placed a high bet.

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