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See also -fast, fást, and fäst

EnglishModificar

Most common English words: spent « soldiers « speech « #878: fast » middle » effort » race

PronunciationModificar

Etymology 1Modificar

Old English fæstan (verb), from Proto-Germanic *fastējan. Cognate with Dutch vasten, German fasten, Old Norse fasta, Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽. The noun is probably from Old Norse fasta.

VerbModificar

Infinitive
to Fast

Third person singular
Fasts

Simple past
Fasted

Past participle
Fasted

Present participle
Fasting

to Fast (third-person singular simple present Fasts, present participle Fasting, simple past and past participle Fasted)
  1. (intransitive) To abstain from or eat very little food; to abstain from food for religious reasons.
    • 2007, John Zerzan, Silence, p. 3,
      It is at the core of the Vision Quest, the solitary period of fasting and closeness to the earth to discover one's life path and purpose.
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NounModificar

Singular
Fast

Plural
Fasts

Fast (plural Fasts)
  1. The act or practice of abstaining from food or of eating very little food.
  2. The period of time during which one abstains from or eats very little food.
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TranslationsModificar
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2Modificar

Old English fæst (adj), fæste (adv), from Proto-Germanic *fastu-, from Proto-Indo-European *pasto- (solid).

Cognate via Germanic with Dutch vast, German fest, Icelandic (and Faroese) fastur, Norwegian fast, and Swedish fast. Cognate via PIE with Armenian [[հաստ#Patrono:Hy|հաստ]] (hast), thick) and Sanskrit पस्त्य (pastyá).

The development of “rapid” from an original sense of “secure” apparently happened first in the adverb and then transferred to the adjective; compare hard in expressions like “to run hard”. The original sense of “secure” is now archaic, but retained in the related fasten (make secure).

AdjectiveModificar

Fast (comparative faster, superlative fastest)
  1. (archaic) Firmly or securely fixed in place; stable. Patrono:Defdate
    That rope is dangerously loose. Make it fast!
  2. Of people: steadfast, with unwavering feeling. (Now only in set phrases like "fast friend".) Patrono:Defdate
  3. Moving with great speed, or capable of doing so; swift, rapid. Patrono:Defdate
    I am going to buy a fast car.
  4. (obsolete) Deep or sound (of sleep); fast asleep (of people). Patrono:Defdate
  5. Of dyes or colours: not running or fading when subjected to detrimental conditions such as wetness or intense light; permanent. Patrono:Defdate
    All the washing has come out pink. That red tee-shirt was not fast.
  6. (colloquial) Having an extravagent lifestyle or immoral habits. Patrono:Defdate
    She's fast – she slept with him on their first date..
  7. Ahead of the correct time or schedule. Patrono:Defdate
    There must be something wrong with the hall clock. It is always fast.
  8. (of photographic film) More sensitive to light than average. Patrono:Defdate
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  • (occurring or happening within a short time): slow
  • (ahead of the correct time or schedule): slow, behind
  • (firmly or securely fixed in place): loose
  • (of sleep: deep or sound): light
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(bound, secured):

(rapid):

TranslationsModificar
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

AdverbModificar

Fast (comparative faster, superlative fastest)
  1. In a firm or secure manner, securely; in such a way as not to be moved. Patrono:Defdate
    Hold this rope as fast as you can.
  2. (of sleeping) Deeply or soundly. Patrono:Defdate
    He is fast asleep.
  3. Immediately following in place or time; close, very near. Patrono:Defdate
    The horsemen came fast on our heels.
  4. Quickly, with great speed; within a short time. Patrono:Defdate
    Do it as fast as you can.
  5. Ahead of the correct time or schedule.
    I think my watch is running fast.
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  • (quickly): slowly
  • (in a firm or secure manner): loosely
  • (of sleeping: deeply or soundly): lightly
  • (ahead of the correct time or schedule): behind
TranslationsModificar
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

NounModificar

Singular
Fast

Plural
Fasts

Fast (plural Fasts)
  1. (British, rail transport) A train that calls at only some stations it passes between its origin and destination, typically just the principal stations.
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InterjectionModificar

Fast

  1. Patrono:Archery Short for "stand fast", a warning not to pass between the arrow and the target.
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DanishModificar

Etymology 1Modificar

From Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastu-, from Proto-Indo-European *pasto- (solid, stable, hard, thick).

PronunciationModificar

  • IPA: /fast/, [fasd̥]

AdjectiveModificar

Fast (neuter fast, definite and plural faste)

  1. firm
  2. solid
  3. tight
  4. fixed
  5. permanent
  6. regular
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Etymology 2Modificar

From German fast (almost, nearly).

PronunciationModificar

  • IPA: /fast/, [fasd̥]

AdverbModificar

Fast

  1. (dated) almost, nearly
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Etymology 3Modificar

See faste (to fast).

PronunciationModificar

  • IPA: /faːst/, [fæːˀsd̥]

VerbModificar

Fast

  1. Imperative of faste.

GermanModificar

EtymologyModificar

Old High German fasto, compare fest. Cognate with English adverb fast.

PronunciationModificar

AdverbModificar

Fast

  1. almost; nearly
    Fast 60 Spielfilme sind zu sehen. — “There are almost 60 feature films to see.”
  2. (in a negative clause) hardly

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  • (almost, nearly): ganz

NorwegianModificar

AdjectiveModificar

Fast

  1. solid, steady,firm
    fast telefon - fixed phone

SwedishModificar

PronunciationModificar

AdjectiveModificar

Patrono:Sv-adj-reg Fast

  1. caught (unable to move freely), captured
    Bankrånaren är nu fast = The bank robber has now been caught (by the police)
  2. Firm; fastened; unmoving
    Ge mig en fast punkt, och jag skall flytta världen = Give me one firm spot, and I'll move the world

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ConjunctionModificar

Fast

  1. although, even though

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ar:fast de:fast et:fast el:fast es:fast fa:fast fr:fast gl:fast ko:fast hy:fast hr:fast io:fast id:fast it:fast kn:fast kk:fast sw:fast ku:fast lo:fast lv:fast hu:fast nl:fast ja:fast no:fast pl:fast pt:fast ru:fast simple:fast sr:fast fi:fast sv:fast ta:fast te:fast th:fast tr:fast vi:fast zh:fast

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