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EnglishModificar

EtymologyModificar

From New Latin ēlectricus (of amber), from Ancient Greek ἤλεκτρον (elektron), amber), related to ἠλέκτωρ (elektor), shining sun)

PronunciationModificar

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NounModificar

Singular
Electricity

Plural
usually uncountable; plural electricities

Electricity (usually uncountable; plural electricities)
  1. A form of energy usually carried by wires or produced by batteries used to power machines and computing, communications, lighting, and heating devices.
  2. A form of secondary energy, caused by the behavior of electrons and protons, properly called "electrical energy".
  3. A fundamental attractive property of matter, appearing in negative and positive kinds.
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, 1st edition, p. 51 (First known English usage)
      Again, The concretion of Ice will not endure a dry attrition without liquation; for if it be rubbed long with a cloth, it melteth. But Crystal will calefie unto electricity; that is, a power to attract strawes and light bodies, and convert the needle freely placed.
  4. The flow of charge carriers within a conductor, properly called "electric current".
  5. The charge carriers within a conductor, properly called "electric charge".
    • 1873, James Clerk Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism
      We may express all these results in a concise and consistent manner by describing an electrified body as charged with a certain quantity of electricity, which we may denote by e.
  6. A class of physical phenomena, related to flows and interactions of electric charge
  7. A field of physical science and technology, concerned with the phenomena of electric charge
  8. Excitement.
    Opening night for the new production had an electricity unlike other openings.

SynonymsModificar

alternating current (AC)
current – n.
energy – n.
power – n.

TranslationsModificar

See alsoModificar

ReferencesModificar

zh-min-nan:electricity et:electricity el:electricity fa:electricity fr:electricity ko:electricity hy:electricity io:electricity id:electricity it:electricity kn:electricity kk:electricity sw:electricity lo:electricity hu:electricity ml:electricity nl:electricity ja:electricity pl:electricity pt:electricity simple:electricity fi:electricity sv:electricity ta:electricity te:electricity vi:electricity zh:electricity

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