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English[]

Etymology[]

From Middle English absteynen, abstenen, from Old French astenir, abstenir, from Latin abstinere, abstentum (keep or refrain from); from prefix from + hold. See tenable.

Pronunciation[]

  • (RP) IPA: /əbˈsteɪn/
  • Rhymes: -eɪn

Verb[]

Infinitive
to Abstain

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to Abstain (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)

  1. (intransitive) Refrain from (something); hold one's self aloof; to forbear or keep from doing, especially an indulgence of the passions or appetites; -- with from.
  2. (intransitive) To shun voluntarily.
    • Not a few abstained from voting. - Thomas Babington Macaulay
    • Who abstains from meat that is not gaunt? - Shakespeare, Richard II, II-i
  3. (intransitive) Deliberately refrain from casting one's vote at a meeting where one is present.
  4. (transitive) Hinder; withhold.

Synonyms[]

  • deny oneself
  • forbear
  • give up
  • refrain
  • relinquish
  • withhold

Derived terms[]

Translations[]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.


Anagrams[]

  • aabinst,
  • Bastian

ar:abstain de:abstain et:abstain fa:abstain fr:abstain gl:abstain io:abstain id:abstain kn:abstain li:abstain hu:abstain ml:abstain pl:abstain pt:abstain fi:abstain sv:abstain ta:abstain te:abstain th:abstain tr:abstain uk:abstain vi:abstain zh:abstain

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